Which of the Following has Primary Responsibility for Eliminating Alcohol from the Bloodstream

A. Stomach B. Liver C. Spleen D. Both A and C

You probably have a lot of questions about alcohol. Some of the answers are both surprising and important. One of the most common questions is which of the following has primary responsibility for eliminating liquor from the bloodstream. A. Stomach B. Liver C. Spleen D. Both A and C. 

The correct answer is the liver. Liquor is eliminated from your bloodstream by this organ. This organ also removes toxins from your body to keep it healthy and functioning properly. 

Five percent of the liquor you drink is eliminated through your body waste by your kidneys. You breathe out another five percent using your lungs. This is the reason alcohol can be detected using a breathalyzer. The remaining liquor is broken down into ethanoic acid. 

The oxidation or breakdown of ethanol is performed by your liver. This organ contains an enzyme called alcohol dehydrogenase. This removes the electrons and creates acetaldehyde. The acetaldehyde is converted by another enzyme called aldehyde dehydrogenase. 

When there is oxygen present, the acetaldehyde is converted by the aldehyde dehydrogenase. The primary component is vinegar. When oxidation of the ethanol occurs, acetic acid is created along with two electrons and two protons. This is either broken down into water and carbon dioxide or used to form fatty acids. 

The basic rule is the average individual can eliminate 15 ml or 0.5 ounces of liquor every hour. Your body needs approximately sixty minutes to eliminate one twelve ounce can of beer. When you drink faster than your body can eliminate it, your BAC increases. 

When you have drunk too much liquor, there are obvious changes in your behavior and your performance. This is linked to an increase in your BAC(Blood Alcohol Content). When your BAC is between 0.03 to 0.12 percent, the most common changes include:

• Extreme self-confidence 
• A flushed appearance 
• Difficulty with fine movements 
• A shorter attention span 
• Poor judgement 

The effects of a BAC of 0.09 to 0.25 percent include: 

• Sleepiness 
• Difficulty remembering or understanding recent events 
• Slow reactions 
• Uncoordinated movements 
• Loss of balance 
• Blurry vision 
• Difficulty with tasting 
• Difficulty hearing 

The effects of a BAC of 0.18 to 0.30 percent include: 

• Confusion, you may not know what you are doing or where you are 
• Staggering 
• Dizziness 
• Sleepiness 
• Extremely affectionate, withdrawn or aggressive 
• Uncoordinated movements such as the inability to catch a ball tossed to you 
• The inability to see clearly 
• Slurred speech 
• The inability to feel pain 

The effects of a BAC of 0.25 to 0.4 percent include: 

• The inability to make many movements with your hands or legs 
• The inability to respond to stimuli 
• Vomiting 
• The inability to walk or stand 
• Lapsing in and out of consciousness 

The effects of a BAC of 0.35 to 0.50 percent include: 

• Unconsciousness 
• Depressed reflexes including the inability of your pupils to respond to the light 
• Your body temperature is cool and much lower than normal 
• A slower heart rate 
• Shallow and slower breathing 
• The possibility of death 

The effects of a BAC more than 0.50 percent 

• You will probably stop breathing and die

Helpful Links

What Happens to Your Body at Different BAC Levels?